Be Careful The Existence of Epithelial Cells in Urine Indicates Disease

Almost all parts of our body are protected by epithelial cells. In a way, the epithelium is the first line of defense between the human body and its environment. In other words, the epithelium very often functions as a protective tissue. But apparently, epithelial cells can also be a sign of danger, you know. The reason is, if the content of epithelial cells in the urine is too high, then this can indicate that there is a disease in your body. Epithelial cells have the function to protect organisms or living things from damage caused by microbes, physical, and chemicals so it is very important for the survival of living things. In the human body itself there are 3 types of epithelial cells in accordance with their shape, namely flat epithelial cells commonly found in blood vessels and lymph vessels, cube epithelial cells found in glands and kidneys, and also cylindrical epithelial cells lining the digestive and bladder. urinary tract. Although it is a normal part of the human body, it turns out that the content of epithelial cells in urine can be a sign of a tumor in you.

Urinalysis Can Detect Disease

Not only found in the body, epithelial cells can also be found in your urine. However, to find out you have to go through a test called urinalysis. Urinalysis is a urine test procedure to detect and manage various disorders such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease, and diabetes. This test includes the color, concentration, and content in your urine. The results of abnormal urinalysis, can indicate the presence of the disease. For example, a high protein content in urine indicates a problem in your kidneys. Urinalysis can be done in three ways, namely microscopic examination, dipstick analysis, and seen directly without tools. Through urine, the doctor can find out what disease you are suffering from. Epithelial cells are usually found on urine microscopic examination. In men and women, some epithelial cells can be found in normal urine sediments. However, if there is an infection, inflammation, or a dangerous disease, the epithelial cells found in your urine will increase. Epithelial cells that can be found in urine sediments include squamous epithelial cells (from the urethra channel) and transitional epithelial cells (from the bladder). Generally, if squamous epithelial cells are 15-20 or more, the urine specimen has been contaminated. In addition to epithelial cells, your doctor will also check your urine to find some other problems, such as abnormalities in red or white blood cells, which may be signs of infection, kidney disease, bladder cancer, or blood disorders. In addition, the presence of crystals or lumps shaped like stones can indicate kidney stone disease. Then, a bacterial or yeast infection, and the presence of epithelial cells in the urine that can indicate a tumor on you. Leukocytes, red blood cells, epithelial cells, and tumor cells are cell elements that are also found in urine sediment. Not only can you check the content of epithelial cells in the urine, this test can also determine the content of white blood cells. The number of leukocytes is considered normal usually between 2 to 5 leukocytes / hpf or less. Leukocyte counts that are too high in the urine indicate an infection, inflammation, or contamination. After knowing a few diseases that can be known from urine, it never hurts to be a little more careful and pay attention to your urine. If the urine test results show that there are epithelial cell contents in the urine, the doctor will evaluate the origin of the epithelial cells to determine the next action that needs to be done.

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